Penyelewengan Akidah, Lingsir Wengi Syair Doa Sunan Kalijaga
Penggunaan lagu Lingsir Wengi ini sebagai lagu latar dari film hantu Indonesia membuat makna lagu ini menjadi salah arti, sampai-sampai lagu lingsir wengi ini dianggap sebagai lagu yang bisa mengundang kedatangan mahluk halus jika diputar tengah malam.
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Sebenarnya lagu Lingsir Wengi ini biasa dinyanyikan oleh ibu-ibu untuk menidurkan anaknya di kala malam yang sunyi, yang berfungsi agar si anak diberikan perlindungan oleh Tuhan, sedangkan nama lain dari Lingsir Wengi yaitu kidung Rumekso Ing Wengi.

Sunan Kalijaga adalah seorang tokoh Walisongo, lahir pada tahun 1450 Masehi dari Raden Ahmad Sahuri (seorang Adipati Tuban VIII) dan Dewi Nawangarum (putri Raden Kidang Telangkas / Abdurrahim Al-Maghribi)[1]. Dikenal sebagai wali yang sangat lekat dengan muslim di Pulau Jawa, karena kemampuannya memasukkan pengaruh Islam ke dalam tradisi dan budaya Jawa. Makamnya berada di Kadilangu, Demak.
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Berikut ini beberapa hal yang berkaitan dengan makna lagu lingsir wengi ini:
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1. Sunan Kalijaga

Sunan Kalijaga yang mempunyai nama kecil Raden Said ini memiliki nama-nama lain seperti Lokajaya, Syekh Malaya, Pangeran Tuban, dan Raden Abdurrahman. Beliau lah yang menciptakan lagu atau kidung Lingsir Wengi tersebut. Nama Kalijaga diperoleh karena beliau menyukai berendam di sungai pada saat beliau berada di Cirebon. Namun menurut pengamat lainnya, menyatakan bahwa kata Kalijaga berasala dari bahasa arab yaitu “Qadli Dzaqa” yang berarti penghulu suci kesultanan.
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2. Sarana Dakwah

Sunan Kalijaga sangat menyukai kesenian, sehingga beliau memakai kesenian sebagai alat untuk menyebarkan agama Islam pada masa itu. Sunan Kalijaga menggunakan seni ukiran, wayang, gamelan, serta nyanyian dalam dakwahnya. Salah satunya yang beliau gunakan adalah kidung Lingsir Wengi tersebut yang berisi doa kepada Tuhan. Selain itu, ia juga menciptakan baju takwa, perayaan sekatenan di Yogyakarta, dan lain-lain.
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3. Lagu Gending Jawa

Sunan Kalijaga menciptakan kidung Lingsir Wengi dengan memakai pakem gending Jawa yaitu Macapat. Pakem Macapat ini terdiri dari 11 macam pakem yang salah satunya yaitu pakem Durma yang dipakai dalam Lingsir Wengi.
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Lagu-lagu yang memakai Pakem Durma harus mencerminkan suasana yang keras, sangar, suram, kesedihan, bahkan bisa mengungkapkan sesuatu yang mengerikan dalam kehidupan. Oleh sebab itu, lagu Lingsir Wengi dilantunkan dengan perasaan yang lembut, tempo pelan, dan sangat menyayat hati

hati hati terhadap penyelewangan akidah yang marak dilakukan hari ini oleh para segelintir orang yang ingin memanfaatkan dan menjatuhkan islam. Yakini dan percaya.

Masa hidup Sunan Kalijaga diperkirakan mencapai lebih dari 100 tahun. Dengan demikian ia mengalami masa akhir kekuasaan Majapahit (berakhir 1478), Kesultanan Demak, Kesultanan Cirebon dan Banten, bahkan juga Kerajaan Pajang yang lahir pada 1546 serta awal kehadiran Kerajaan Mataram dibawah pimpinan Panembahan Senopati. Ia ikut pula merancang pembangunan Masjid Agung Cirebon dan Masjid Agung Demak. Tiang "tatal" (pecahan kayu) yang merupakan salah satu dari tiang utama masjid adalah kreasi Sunan Kalijaga.

Sunan Kalijaga diperkirakan lahir pada tahun 1450 dengan nama Raden Said. Dia adalah putra adipati Tuban yang bernama Tumenggung Wilatikta atau Raden Sahur. Nama lain Sunan Kalijaga antara lain Lokajaya, Syekh Malaya, Pangeran Tuban, dan Raden Abdurrahman. Berdasarkan satu versi masyarakat Cirebon, nama Kalijaga berasal dari Desa Kalijaga di Cirebon. Pada saat Sunan Kalijaga berdiam di sana, dia sering berendam di sungai (kali), atau jaga kali.

Terkait asal usulnya, ada dua pendapat yang berkembang. Pendapat pertama, adalah yang menyatakan Sunan Kalijaga orang Jawa asli. Pendapat ini didasarkan pada catatan historis Babad Tuban. Di dalam babad tersebut diceritakan, Aria Teja alias 'Abdul Rahman berhasil mengislamkan Adipati Tuban, Aria Dikara, dan mengawini putrinya. Dari perkawinan tersebut Aria Teja kemudian memiliki putra bernama Aria Wilatikta. Catatan Babad Tuban ini diperkuat juga dengan catatan masyhur penulis dan bendahara Portugis Tome Pires (1468 - 1540). Menurut catatan Tome Pires, penguasa Tuban pada tahun 1500 M adalah cucu dari peguasa Islam pertama di Tuban yakni Aria Wilakita, dan Sunan Kalijaga atau Raden Mas Said adalah putra Aria Wilatikta. Adapun pendapat yang kedua adalah menyatakan Sunan Kalijaga adalah keturunan arab. Pendapat kedua ini disebut-sebut berdasarkan keterangan penasehat khusus Pemerintah Kolonial Belanda, Van Den Berg (1845 – 1927), yang menyatakan bahwa Sunan Kalijaga adalah keturunan Arab yang silsilahnya sampai ke Rasulullah Shallallahu 'alaihi wa Sallam. Sejarawan lain seperti De Graaf juga menilai bahwa Aria Teja I ('Abdul Rahman) memiliki silsilah dengan Ibnu Abbas, paman Muhammad.

Menurut cerita, Sebelum menjadi Walisongo, Raden Said adalah seorang perampok yang selalu mengambil hasil bumi di gudang penyimpanan Hasil Bumi di kerajaannya, merampok orang-orang yang kaya. Hasil curiannya, dan rampokanya itu akan ia bagikan kepada orang-orang yang miskin. Suatu hari, Saat Raden Said berada di hutan, ia melihat seseorang kakek tua yang bertongkat. Orang itu adalah Sunan Bonang. Karena tongkat itu dilihat seperti tongkat emas, ia merampas tongkat itu. Katanya, hasil rampokan itu akan ia bagikan kepada orang yang miskin. Tetapi, Sang Sunan Bonang tidak membenarkan cara itu. Ia menasihati Raden Said bahwa Allah S.W.T tidak akan menerima amal yang buruk. Lalu, Sunan Bonang menunjukan pohon aren emas dan mengatakan bila Raden Said ingin mendapatkan harta tanpa berusaha, maka ambillah buah aren emas yang ditunjukkan oleh Sunan Bonang. Karena itu, Raden Said ingin menjadi murid Sunan Bonang. RadeN Said lalu menyusul Sunan Bonang ke Sungai. Raden Said berkata bahwa ingin menjadi muridnya. Sunan Bonang lalu menyuruh Raden Said untuk bersemedi sambil menjaga tongkatnya yang ditancapkan ke tepi sungai. Raden Said tidak boleh beranjak dari tempat tersebut sebelum Sunan Bonang datang. Raden Said lalu melaksanakan perintah tersebut. Karena itu,ia menjadi tertidur dalam waktu lama. Karena lamanya ia tertidur, tanpa disadari akar dan rerumputan telah menutupi dirinya. Tiga tahun kemudian, Sunan Bonang datang dan membangunkan Raden Said. Karena ia telah menjaga tongkatnya yang ditanjapkan ke sungai, maka Raden Said diganti namanya menjadi Kalijaga. Kalijaga lalu diberi pakaian baru dan diberi pelajaran agama oleh Sunan Bonang. Kalijaga lalu melanjutkan dakwahnya dan dikenal sebagai Sunan Kalijaga. Namun, cerita ini banyak diragukan oleh para sejarawan dan ulama berpaham salaf karena tidak masuk akal dan bertentangan dengan ilmu syariat

Dalam dakwah, ia punya pola yang sama dengan mentor sekaligus sahabat dekatnya, Sunan Bonang. Paham keagamaannya cenderung "sufistik berbasis salaf" -bukan sufi panteistik (pemujaan semata). Ia juga memilih kesenian dan kebudayaan sebagai sarana untuk berdakwah.

Ia sangat toleran pada budaya lokal. Ia berpendapat bahwa masyarakat akan menjauh jika diserang pendiriannya. Maka mereka harus didekati secara bertahap: mengikuti sambil memengaruhi. Sunan Kalijaga berkeyakinan jika Islam sudah dipahami, dengan sendirinya kebiasaan lama hilang. Tidak mengherankan, ajaran Sunan Kalijaga terkesan sinkretis dalam mengenalkan Islam. Ia menggunakan seni ukir, wayang, gamelan, serta seni suara suluk sebagai sarana dakwah. Beberapa lagu suluk ciptaannya yang populer adalah Ilir-ilir dan Gundul-gundul Pacul. Dialah menggagas baju takwa, perayaan sekatenan, garebeg maulud, serta lakon carangan Layang Kalimasada dan Petruk Dadi Ratu ("Petruk Jadi Raja"). Lanskap pusat kota berupa kraton, alun-alun dengan dua beringin serta masjid diyakini pula dikonsep oleh Sunan Kalijaga.

Metode dakwah tersebut sangat efektif. Sebagian besar adipati di Jawa memeluk Islam melalui Sunan Kalijaga; di antaranya adalah adipati Pandanaran, Kartasura, Kebumen, Banyumas, serta Pajang.

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